Generally speaking, carpeting is graded by the materials used, the amount of fiber weight and how well it is constructed. There are so many ways to make the wrong choices you don’t know much about carpets. Here are come basics:
Types of Carpeting
- Carpet Fibers – The fiber selected determines how long your new carpeting lasts, how easily it can be cleaned, and how much it will cost. This is one of the most critical factors when comparing carpets. You cannot compare a nylon carpet to a polyester carpet, or a wool carpet to an Olefin carpet. They are just so different. You have to compare similar carpeting and narrow it down to the one that appeals to your eye, lifestyle, and wallet.
- Nylon Carpet Fiber – Nylon is a generic designation for a family of synthetic polymers. Nylon is the most durable and the most resilient of all carpet fibers. A resilient fiber is one that will return to its original form or position after being bent, compressed, or stretched. This is what keeps a nylon carpet looking like new longer than any other fiber. Some Nylon carpet fibers are more durable than others and some are more resilient than others. Some are softer and some resist stains better. There are also different fiber manufacturers that provide nylon fibers to carpeting manufacturers. This can make choosing the right nylon carpeting quite challenging without doing a lot of research.
- Polyester Carpeting Fiber (PET) – Polyester/PET is one of the least expensive carpet fibers to manufacture. A thick polyester carpet may feel nice and soft, but it is not a resilient fiber, and isn’t a long-lasting type or carpeting. When you walk on any carpet, with every footstep you bend and compress the fibers and soon they begin to fall over. Once polyester carpeting fibers are crushed, they don’t spring back to their original position.
- Olefin Carpeting Fiber – is a very strong carpet fiber. It is often used to make Berber carpet, commercial carpet, and outdoor grass carpet. Olefin wears well and has good stain resistance when anti-stain treatment is applied. Olefin has good anti-static properties. However, Olefin is not easy to keep clean and tends to look dingy when soiled. It has poor resiliency so smaller looped Berber styles wear better than larger looped styles.
- Carpet Density – Carpet density is the key to carpeting retaining its like-new appearance longer. The higher the density, the more durable the carpeting will be. Density is determined by pile yarn weight, pile thickness and pile height. Dig your fingers into the pile of the carpeting. Are the fibers tightly packed or are your nails digging into the backing of the carpet?
- Carpet Tuft Twist – With plush styles of carpets, the tufts of fibers are twisted in the same way that people curl their hair. The fibers are grouped together into tufts and twisted while heat is applied to “set” the fibers permanently, thus the term “heat-set”.
J Brothers Flooring offers flooring and carpet installation services to the Central NJ area. This flooring contractor serves towns such as Bernardsville, New Brunswick, Chester, North Brunswick, South Plainfield, Millstone, Watchung, Mendham, Green Brook, Bridgewater, Somerville, Helmetta, and many more. Contact them today at (732)214-1100, or visit the website.